Organic batteries for large scale electrical energy storage swegrids-logo

SweGRIDS research area Materials for Power Grid and Storage
SweGRIDS project code MTL3
Project type PhD
Status running
Researcher Christian Strietzel   (webpage)
University UU
Project period 2018-01-01 to 2023-   
Project supervisor Martin Sjödin   (webpage)
Industrial sponsors UU holding


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Project abstract

Organic batteries are expected to be a very important component in the development of environmentally sustainable energy storage systems because they 1) are based on readily available raw materials, 2) can be produced at low cost and with low energy consumption during processing; 3) provide a diversity of inorganic materials cannot offer, and 4) they provide a significantly simplified recovery in comparison with inorganic batteries. Materials based on conductive redox polymers, where redox groups with high charge capacity are covalently attached to a conductive polymer, has been synthesized and investigated. The purpose of the redox group is to give the material a high charge capacity and a defined redox process with a well-defined potential while the purpose of the polymer base is to make the material electronically conductive.

In this project we target anode and cathode material combinations that give cell voltages of 1.2 V when combined. The reason for this targeted cell voltage is that water electrolytes are used in the battery cells and these have a stability window of about 1.2 V. As we have previously shown, the battery materials exhibit semimetallic conductivity. In combination with a battery cycling chemistry based on protons (which are the most mobile ions known to date) the high electronic conductivity can allow charge transport over a much greater distance than is possible with traditional battery technologies. Within this project we will explore the possibility of constructing batteries based on bulk materials, with up to centimeter thick layers. This can give the developed battery systems a competitive advantage over inorganic battery materials through simplified manufacturing processes and reduction of inactive material (charge collectors, electrolyte separators, etc.). Furthermore, this cell design is suitable for large scale production and in combination with: 1) the safety of water-based batteries; 2) the readily available and renewable raw materials used; 3) easy disposal through combustion; and 4) low or no risk of hazardous substances reaching the environment in case of leakage these energy storage systems are well suited for large-scale energy storage.


Summary of work

Several quinone-based battery materials, as well as complete battery cells, have been developed. Currently, quinone-based materials with 0.5V difference have been combined to provide battery cells with a 0.5V cell voltage and specific capacities of 87 mAh/g and 75 mAh/g for the for the negative and positive electrode, respectively. The negative electrode turned out to be stable for 800 cycles and maintained its capacity at 3C charging speeds and could withstand charging speeds of up to 160C. We further developed an all-organic battery with an aqueous electrolyte, which could power a thermometer and was easily charged by a solar cell in some seconds. In conjunction with this work we applied for a patent, in an agreement together with the project's industrial sponsor.

In total five battery prototypes have been designed
- An all-organic battery using an ionic liquid
- A hybrid organic battery cycling lithium ions
- An all-organic battery using an aqueous electrolyte
- An organic air battery
- A hybrid organic dual ion battery


Event log

2018. Oral presentation at MRS Boston, November

2018. Poster presentation at GRC conference, July

2019. Article publication in Electrochemistry Communications

2019. Poster presentation at Organic battery days

2020. Invited oral presentation at Green Connections which is hosted by the Swedish Chamber of Commerce

2020. Article publication in Angewandte Chemie International Ed.

2020. Patent application SE-1950142-8 in agreement with project sponsor

2020. Article publication in ChemSusChem


Project reference-group

Mateo Santurio,  Uppsala Universitet holding AB,
Anna Andersson,  ABB AB Corporate Research
Henrik Bergström,  Ellevio
Ying He,  Vattenfall


MSc etc theses connected to the project

2018. MSc thesis project on nanostructuring, within this project.


Publications by this researcher

See alternatively the researcher's full DiVA list of publications, with options for sorting.
Publications in journals and conferences usually will not show until a while after they are published.

An Alternative to Carbon Additives : The Fabrication of Conductive Layers Enabled by Soluble Conducting Polymer Precursors – A Case Study for Organic Batteries
Christian Strietzel,   Kouki Oka,   Maria Strömme,   Rikard Emanuelsson,   Martin Sjödin.
2021,   ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, vol. 13(4)

Designing Quinone-based Organic Batteries
Christian Strietzel.
2021,   Thesis (PhD), Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, Digital 2023

Conducting Redox Polymer as a Robust Organic Electrode-Active Material in Acidic Aqueous Electrolyte towards Polymer–Air Secondary Batteries
Kouki Oka,   Christian Strietzel,   Rikard Emanuelsson,   Hiroyuki Nishide,   Kenichi Oyaizu,   Maria Strömme,   Martin Sjödin.
2020,   ChemSusChem, vol. 13(9)

Organic Proton Batteries – A Promising Approach for Sustainable Energy Storage
Christian Strietzel,   Martin Sjödin,   Rikard Emanuelsson.
2020,   Green Connections

Designing Quinone-based Conducting Redox Polymers specifically for Aqueous Proton Batteries and for Lithium Ion Battery Cathodes
Martin Sjödin,   Rikard Emanuelsson,   Christian Strietzel,   Huan Wang,   Mia Sterby,   Maria Strömme.
2020,   71st Annual Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry

An Aqueous Conducting Redox-Polymer-Based Proton Battery that Can Withstand Rapid Constant-Voltage Charging and Sub-Zero Temperatures
Christian Strietzel,   Mia Sterby,   Hao Huang,   Maria Strømme,   Rikard Emanuelsson,   Martin Sjödin.
2020,   Angewandte Chemie International Edition, vol. 59(24)

Conducting Redox Polymer as a Robust Organic Electrode-Active Material in Acidic Aqueous Electrolyte towards Polymer-Air Secondary Batteries
Kouki Oka,   Christian Strietzel,   Rikard Emanuelsson,   Hiroyuki Nishide,   Kenichi Oyaizu,   Maria Strømme,   Martin Sjödin.
2020,   ChemSusChem, vol. 13(9)

Binder- and conducting additive free organic electrode materials – Post-deposition polymerization of conducting redox oligomers
Christian Strietzel,   Mia Sterby,   Rikard Emanuelsson,   Maria Strömme,   Martin Sjödin.
2019,   Organic Battery Days 2019. Jena 3-5/6 2019

Conducting Redox Polymers as Electrical Energy Storage Materials
Martin Sjödin,   Mia Sterby,   Christian Strietzel,   Rikard Emanuelsson,   Huan Wang,   Maria Strömme.
2019,   International Workshop on Electrochemistry of Electroactive Materials, 16-21 June, 2019, Borovets, Bulgaria

Characterization of PEDOT-Quinone conducting redox polymers in water-in-salt electrolytes for safe and high-energy Li-ion batteries
Kouki Oka,   Christian Strietzel,   Rikard Emanuelsson,   Hiroyuki Nishide,   Kenichi Oyaizu,   Maria Strömme,   Martin Sjödin.
2019,   Electrochemistry communications, vol. 105

Conducting Redox Polymer Batteries
Christian Strietzel,   Rikard Emanuelsson,   Maria Strömme,   Martin Sjödin.
2018,   Electronic Processes in Organic Materials (GRC)

Flexible All Organic Batteries Based on Conducting Redox Polymers
Christian Strietzel,   Rikard Emanuelsson,   Maria Strömme,   Martin Sjödin.
2018,   MRS Fall meeting 2018. Boston November, USA

Nonstoichiometric Triazolium Protic Ionic Liquids for All-Organic Batteries
Christoffer Karlsson,   Christian Strietzel,   Hao Huang,   Martin Sjödin,   Patric Jannasch.
2018,   ACS Applied Energy Materials

Building Conducting Redox Polymer Batteries
Christian Strietzel,   Emanuelsson Rikard,   Maria Strömme,   Martin Sjödin.
2017,   E-MRS Spring Meeting

Conducting Redox Polymer Batteries – Challenges and possibilities
Christian Strietzel,   Emanuelsson Rikard,   Maria Strömme,   Martin Sjödin.
2017,   Organic Battery Days

Conducting Redox Polymer Based Batteries
Martin Sjödin,   Rikard Emanuelsson,   Mia Sterby,   Christian Strietzel,   Li Yang,   Hao Huang,   Huan Wang,   Xiao Huang,   A Gogoll,   Maria Strömme.
2017,   Organic Battery Days, Uppsala, June 8-9, 2017

Miljövänliga nanomaterial från växtriket tillåter gröna alternative för framtiden
Alex Basu,   Gopi Tummala,   Karen Heitz,   Simon Gustafsson,   Christian Strietzel,   Jiaojiao Yang,   Celina Notfors,   Huan Wang,   Maria Strömme.
2017,   SciFest 2017. Vetenskapsfestivalen SciFest Uppsala 9-11/3 2017

Mechanisms of Self-discharge in p-doped Conducting Polymers : Implications to the construction of electrical energy storage materials with conducting polymer components
Martin Sjödin,   Henrik Olsson,   Christian Strietzel,   Maria Strömme,   Ziwei Qiu.
2015,   249th ACS National Meeting & Exposition, March 22-26, 2015, Denver, CO, Chemistry of Natural Resources

Synthesis, electron microscopy and X-ray characterization of oxymagnesite, MgO∙2MgCO3, formed from amorphous magnesium carbonate
Sara Frykstrand,   Christian Strietzel,   Johan Forsgren,   Jonas Ångström,   Valerie Potin,   Maria Strømme.
2014,   CrystEngComm, vol. 16(47)

Publication list last updated from DiVA on 2021-09-18 22:01.


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Page started: 2018-01-01
Last generated: 2021-09-18